SOME COMMON PLACES ABOUT THYROID:
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The thyroid is long shaped
It is butterfly shaped with two lobes joined by an isthmus. It is based at the front of the
The gland synthesizes T4 and T3 hormones
Respectively thyroxine and triiodothyronine are produced and regulated by TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), secreted by the pituitary gland.
The thyroid has a secondary function for body health and well-being
The thyroid plays a key role for the body functioning, starting from growth, to brain development, to metabolism, to the proper functioning of the nervous systems, cardiovascular system and reproductive system.
We can live without thyroid
Yes, thanks to hormone replacement therapy: research is very focused on the issue.
In case of thyroid nodules, the organ removal is the only way
It depends on the nodule size and type, and on histological examination.
We can often live with a nodule without any thyroid or quality life problems.
Weakness, weight changes, cold or warm intolerance, swollen face, constant hoarseness:
it means thyroid is dysfunctional
It means there is something wrong and we should go deeper into the symptoms.
Thyroid checks take long and are invasive
It just takes a blood test to detect TSH dosage. Generally speaking, if low it reveals hyperthyroidism, if high it shows hypothyroidism. If something does not quite make sense, the specialist requires more examinations, such as ultrasound or scintigraphy.
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the same
As for hypothyroidism, the thyroid is unable to synthesize T3 and T4 which are instead excessively produced in case of hyperthyroidism.
Goiter reveals a swollen thyroid
Goiter usually shows in iodine deficiency areas without being associated with thyroid alterations.
Iodine helps prevent thyroid diseases
It is an element that can prevent possible alterations of proper thyroid functioning. It can be taken through diet or supplements. “Green light” for fish, seafood, lentils, eggs, vegetables, iodised salt.
Smoking (passive or not) affects thyroid function
It can affect the functioning of the gland and of the hormone concentration.
It is recommended not to smoke and to avoid smoking places.
Stress is an enemy
If it is chronic and intense.
Natural light helps the thyroid
The gland can get dysfunctional with a vitamin D deficiency. The best source of vitamin D is sunlight.
During adolescence we do not need to pay (much) attention to the thyroid
As in all life stages, more than ever at a young age, the thyroid should work well as it helps brain development and growth processes.
There is no relationship between pregnancy and a healthy thyroid
Not only thyroid hormones regulate female fertility but also help embryo implantation and are essential to the foetal brain development.
Menopause affects the thyroid
In menopause the thyroid can work less, due to the close relationship between estrogens – failing in menopause – and the thyroid.
Women should check their thyroid more than men
Men’s thyroid can get into a flap, as well, also causing sexual disorders.
Italy is a peninsula hence rich in iodine
Our country is among the iodine deficiency areas; therefore, it is recommended to use iodised salt to ensure a daily iodine intake.
It is important to check the thyroid during pregnancy
During pregnancy, the thyroid is fatigued. It is fundamental to monitor its activity to ensure pregnancy positive outcome.